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PHP Date Functions

The PHP date() function is use to print the date and time in different formats.
Syntax: date(format, timestamp)
format (Required) - Specifies the format of the timestamp.
timestamp (Optional) - Specifies a timestamp. Default is the current date and time.

Format Description
d Print the day of the month (01 to 31)
m Print a month (1 to 12)
y Print a year (in two digits)
Y Print a year (in four digits)
M Print Month of Year, first three letters only. i.e. Aug
F Print a full month. i.e. August
D Print the day of the week. i.e. Sat
l (lowercase 'L') Print the day of the week. i.e. Saturday
H Display Hour (24-hour format)
h Display Hour (12-hour format) with leading zeros
i Display Minutes ( 0 - 59 )
s Display Seconds ( 0 - 59 )
a Dispaly Ante meridiem and Post meridiem, 'am' or 'pm' in lowercase
A Display Ante meridiem and Post meridiem 'AM' or 'PM' in upppercase
N Display numeric representation of a day (1 for Monday, 7 for Sunday)
L Display year is Leap year or not ('1' for yes, '0' for no)
z The day of the year (from 0 through 365)

Syntax: Display System Date and Time in Different formats.

Expression Output
echo "Today is ".date("Y/m/d"); Today is 2024/05/18
echo "Today is ".date("d.m.Y"); Today is 18.05.2024
echo "Today is ".date("m-d-Y"); Today is 05-18-2024
echo "The time is ".date("h:i:s a"); The time is 07:30:46 pm
echo "Today is ".date("l"); Today is Saturday
Set the Time Zone

The PHP date() function will return the current date/time of the server. If the time you got back from the code is not the right time, it's probably because your server is in another country or set up for a different timezone. So, if you need the time to be correct according to a specific location, you can set a timezone.

   echo date_default_timezone_get(); //Display the current time zone.
   echo "The time is " . date("h:i:sa");

Some available Time Zone's are:

America/New_York America/Los_Angeles Africa/Casablanca Africa/Johannesburg
Antarctica/Casey Asia/Hong_Kong Asia/Singapore Asia/Dubai
Asia/Kolkata Asia/Tokyo Australia/Melbourne Australia/Sydney
Europe/Moscow Europe/Paris Indian/Mauritius Pacific/Auckland

Automatic Copyright Year: © 2016 - <?php echo date("Y")?>

Create a Date From a String With PHP strtotime()

$d = strtotime("15-1-2015");
echo "Created date is " . date("Y-m-d h:i:sa", $d);

$d = strtotime("2015-8-15");
echo "Created date is " . date("Y-m-d h:i:sa", $d);

$d = strtotime("10:30:23 2015-8-15");
echo "Created date is " . date("Y-m-d h:i:sa", $d);

$d = strtotime("10:30pm April 15 2014");
echo "Created date is " . date("Y-m-d h:i:sa", $d);
    echo date("Y-m-d h:i:sa", $d) . "<br>";
    $d=strtotime("next Saturday");   
    echo date("Y-m-d h:i:sa", $d) . "<br>";
    $d=strtotime("+3 Months");       
    echo date("Y-m-d h:i:sa", $d) . "<br>";

$startdate = strtotime("+1 week", $startdate);

	$d1=strtotime("July 04");
	echo "There are " . $d2 ." days until 4th of July.";

PHP checkdate() Function is used to validate a Gregorian date. Ver:4.0. Syntax: checkdate(month,day,year);


PHP date_add() Function adds some days, months, years, hours, minutes, and seconds to a date. Ver:5.3
Syntax: date_add(object,interval);

Example: Add 40 days to the 15th of March, 2015

	date_add($date,date_interval_create_from_date_string("40 days"));
	echo date_format($date,"Y-m-d");

PHP date_diff() Function - returns the difference between two DateTime objects. Ver:5.3
Syntax date_diff(datetime1,datetime2,absolute);
Parameter Description
datetime1 Required. Specifies a DateTime object
datetime2 Required. Specifies a DateTime object
absolute Optional. Specifies a Boolean value. TRUE indicates that the interval/difference MUST be positive. Default is FALSE

Example: Calculate the difference between two dates:


PHP date_interval_format() - Function is used to format the interval. (Ver:5.3)

         // %a outputs the total number of days
         echo $diff->format("Total number of days: %a.");
         echo "<br>";
         // %R outputs + beacause $date2 is after $date1 (a positive interval)
         echo $diff->format("Total number of days: %R%a.");
         echo "<br>";
         // %d outputs the number of days that is not already covered by the month
         echo $diff->format("Month: %m, days: %d.");

PHP date_sub() Function - subtracts some days, months, years, hours, minutes, and seconds from a date. Ver:5.3

         date_sub($date,date_interval_create_from_date_string("40 days"));
         echo date_format($date,"Y-m-d");