ASP.NET enables you to separate the design content and the application logic of a page into distinct files. This not only makes code maintenance simpler, but it also enables the design team and the coding team to work independently of each other.
There are two ways of separating code from presentation. You can package the application logic in components, or you can use the technique of code-behind. In code-behind, the code is placed in a separate file and the ASP.NET page inherits from this file. It is a feature of ASP.NET and it only enables Visual Studio.NET to separate the application logic from the presentation content.
A component is a VB/CS class file. It can contain one or more VB/CS classes. The file has the extension .vb/.cs. To use the component, you must compile it and save it in the /bin directory of your ASP.NET application.
Advantages of Components
• Components enable you to separate presentation content from application logic. They encapsulate the application logic while the user interface of the page can be designed separately.
• Components enable code reusability. You can create a library of business components and reuse them across multiple ASP.NET pages.
• Components are compiled. They can be distributed safely because the clients cannot see or modify the source code easily.
• Components can be written in multiple languages. Components written in different languages can be combined into a single ASP.NET page.
Example: Building a Component
Using a Component:
Copy the DLL file to the \bin directory of your Web application.
Import the namespace containing the component. You can then instantiate the component and call its methods.